October 14, 2018

Emerging Economies: Progress Until Now

Posted in Uncategorized tagged at 8:16 am by Keith Knutsson

Emerging economies made up two-thirds of the world’s GDP growth over 50% of new consumption in an analysis that includes the past 15 years, yet Economic growth among those economies vary widely. Seven economies managed real average  annual GDP growth of 3.5 percent for over 50 years. Those seven economies are China, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, South Korea, and Thailand, Ethiopia, India, Kazakhstan, Laos, Myanmar, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Vietnam managed to have real average annual GDP growth of over 5 percent for over 20 years.

The impacts of such growth is documented well through the diminishing of extreme poverty, a number that has now decreased by more than one billion. From the period of 1990 to 2013, the number of people living in extreme poverty in emerging economies decreased from 1.84 billion to 766 million; this means that less than 11 percent of the world’s population is experiencing extreme poverty, a number that used to be 35 percent in 1990. Additionally, the countries see a new emergence of middle and affluent socioeconomic classes. This emergence have joined the worldwide “consuming class”, which is classified as people with high enough incomes to become significant consumers of goods and services. In India this class has increased tenfold in only two decades, from 3.4 million in 1995 to more than 35 million in 2016.

Keith Knutsson of Integrale Advisors commented, “Even though financial news have been hammered with the recent struggles in the emerging market space, it is important to take a neutral, long-term look as an investor. There has been tremendous growth in many of the emerging market economies.”

August 31, 2018

Predictive Analysis: An Overview

Posted in Keith Knutsson tagged at 1:19 am by Keith Knutsson

The value of predictive analytics increasingly takes hold in international organization. Delays are not just costly but also frequent; an analysis of more than 1,800 software projects revealed a 30% on-time completion time. On average, a project was behind around 25%of the original deadline. And while time in itself carries strategic value, the deployment of extra resources needed to deal with overrun costs can be direct. Research on average budget overrun experienced by factory-automation-software projects studied exceeded 10%. One in five projects had overruns exceeding 50%. Then there are the indirect costs.

One of the main reasons for overruns appears to be a misunderstanding by managers and engineers by the complexity of a project. Teams remain unaware of the large impact of features and performance targets and the costs of implementing features into the final product. Psychologically, project progress is thought of as linear, a concept not applicable to reality. Additional to that, the overestimation of productivity of the development team causes additional delays. Project planners appear quick to ignore previous problems and ignore the potential for new issues.

To combat the issue of overruns, analytical models provide a powerful new way to deal with such constraints. Through the use of predictive analytics software, a company is able to model multiple projects running concurrently, and test for factors such as staff demand and possible resource bottlenecks. Planners can use the data to make adequate adjustments, whether it be through contracting, hiring or outsourcing.

Keith Knutsson of Integrale Advisors commented, “we increasingly see predictive analytics enhance human decision-making. The technology in itself carries much room for improvement, but even at it’s current state we are looking at very promising results.” 

July 25, 2018

China and Cloud Infrastructure

Posted in Keith Knutsson tagged at 3:11 am by Keith Knutsson

China, a country associated with taking technological leaps, is lagging in the cloud infrastructure.  While some analysts might view recent reports of China’s recent cloud growth as impressive, the issue is more complex than that. It’s true that China spent around 14 percent of its total IT budget to cloud services in 2017, double the amount spent four years earlier. China nonetheless falls behind its global peers in overall cloud expenditures. The United States accounted roughly. 29% of the total IT budget in 2017 into cloud infrastructure,  more than twice the investment in 2013.

In China, a large portion of companies continue to rely on local computing and their own infrastructure. The problem is the hesitation of investment in IT initiatives, which includes automation or advanced analytics.1 Some investors see this as a major factor behind the low digitization rates in China.

Change might appear soon, Corporations and the government has taken note of the cloud’s importance and have committed to increase growth in infrastructure through an action plan issued by the Chinese Ministry of Industry and Information Technology. The goal is to increase the national industry 2.5 fold from 2015 levels by 2019.2 Chinese companies currently show a preference for the private cloud, and a few analysts estimate more than a 20 percent CAGR for the next three years in that part of cloud infrastructure. 

Keith Knutsson of Integrale Advisors commented, “Change is afoot in the cloud infrastructure market; industry leaders need to be careful not to be leapfrogged and continue developing strong initiatives to grow in emerging markets.”

July 9, 2018

Setbacks for Chip Makers

Posted in Keith Knutsson tagged at 2:35 am by Keith Knutsson

The Chinese court has banned a portion of Micron Technology Inc. sales further adding burden to some of the largest chip makers in the world. Micron has been caught up in dueling intellectual property lawsuits with United Microelectronics Corporation and received a preliminary injunction from the court stopping sales of over twenty products. Some of the products include dynamic random-access memory and Nand flash memory chips.

It has become increasingly fraught to do business in China for various chip making giants regardless of the fact that China is the world’s biggest market for semiconductors. South Korean rivals and Micron have been probed by antitrust authorities while regulators have been silent on their investigation of Qualcomm Inc.’s bid for NXP Semiconductors.

Keith Knutsson of Integrale Advisors said “The growing trade war between China and US will mean a very turbulent market. Companies like Micron are right in the middle of this war.“

Shares of Micron dropped as much as eight percent thus leading a slump in technology stocks. The Micron ban escalates a trade dispute that’s engulfing industries from steel to autos and increasingly also electronics sector. Not only that, but President Donald Trump has railed against Chinese companies for allegedly stealing U.S. companies’ intellectual property. Last year Micron sued UMC claiming they stole memory and the lawsuits have been back and forth since then.

China is the largest market for semiconductors, yet it lacks one of the top producers of the crucial components. The memory chip market has been increasingly concentrated in the hands of Micron and its Korean rivals like Samsung Electronics Co. On another note, the world’s largest mobile phone service provider, China Mobile Ltd. is banned from entering the U.S. market due to national security grounds. As the governments continue fighting, companies face potential disruption of a complex supply chain that produces most of the world’s smartphones, computers and their components.

July 7, 2018

A Blockchain Evaluation Past Frenzy and Currencies:

Posted in Keith Knutsson tagged at 2:45 am by Keith Knutsson

As the cryptocurrency frenzy has settled down, as discussed back in January, investors should reevaluate the strategic objectives of blockchain, separately from those of the currencies that received much attention. Blockchain does carry benefits from reductions in transaction complexity and cost, as well as helps improve the transparency and therefore fraud control for. Yet, instead of utilizing new technologies, the economic incentives are more aligned to capture value for incumbents by harnessing blockchain rather than be overtaken by it. Therefore, recent research puts the highest likelihood on blockchain as a permissioned, not public, commercial model. Under public blockchains belong the currencies like Bitcoin, which structurally have no central authority and are generally viewed in regards to their disruptive disintermediation. Permissioned blockchains on the other hand are privately hosted and allow controlled access and editing rights.

The use of private blockchain allows existing businesses of any size to extract commercial value. Dominant firms are able to maintain their positions as central authorities with or without other industry players. Firms that undertake that route are able to efficiently share data without limiting manually automating what is shared, with whom, and when. Currently value can be created by uses such as that of the ASE (Australian Securities Exchange) where blockchain is used for equities clearing to reduce back-office reconciliation work for its member brokers. IBM and Maersk Line are currently working on marketing  a blockchain trade platform for logistical purposes, where secure, real-time exchange of supply-chain data and paperwork is possible.

Keith Knutsson of Integrale Advisors commented, “There is undoubtedly value in blockchain technology, and as the craziness around currencies decays, companies will be able to see gradual ways to involve blockchain and evolve their operations.”


June 26, 2018

New Trends: The transitions of executives and the failures.

Posted in Keith Knutsson tagged at 1:03 am by Keith Knutsson

Recent Studies on leaders who demonstrated success and showed intelligence, initiative, and results in their previous roles reveals that within two years of executive transitions, between one-in-four to one-half of them are classified as failures. Cited as the main challenges are organizational politics. Many transitioning executives lament having not changed the culture at a quicker pace to combat these effects, and internal vs external transitions have little effect on any listed sentiments. Yet, other surveys suggest even with a deliberate goal, these matters are difficult to handle. 79 percent of external and 69 percent of internal hires report that attempts to change the company culture change is taxing.

Despite these challenges, in today’s corporate world leadership transitions are more frequent, yet new leaders feel limited on the help they receive. With the pace and magnitude of change, investors might be unsurprised by the constantly rising number of transitions in the corporate world. Research suggests that CEO turnover rates have increased to 16.6 percent in 2015, when it was only at  11.6 percent in 2010. Additionally, within the first two years roughly 70 percent of new CEOs restructure the management teams of the company they take charge of. These transitions can often be seen cascading through senior ranks. And roughly the same amount of leaders report that their organizations now experience an increasing amount of transitions than they did in the year prior.

Keith Knutsson of Integrale Advisors commented, “Executive transitions should be comparable to surgery; if not taken care of carefully and in a precise manner, it can cause complications many years into the future.” 

June 21, 2018

Energy Storage in the new economy.

Posted in Keith Knutsson tagged at 1:34 am by Keith Knutsson

Investors should keep an eye on Energy-storage companies. Despite declines in storage-system costs, the future could look different than previously expected by analysts. Yet, it is not all negative and some might view the outlook as encouraging. Currently there are some commercial uses for energy storage with economic benefits. In the future utilities, industrial customers, and households might benefit from energy storage. This is due to lower system costs, and also the decreasing incentives of government on solar power. These factors can lead to increasing financial sensibility to store power over exporting it to the grid.

The economics aren’t new to investors savvy with renewable energy; as costs of an average system decrease, room storage developers will have less room to undercut competitors. This has resulted in the past in squeezing every penny of savings to processes like customer acquisition, engineering, permitting, system integration, and installation. This process occurred already in the solar photovoltaic (PV) business between 2005 and 2015. The result was a 75 percent lower cost of PV modules and forced solar developers to pivot on operational efficiency. Unfortunately for most, this triggered a major restructuring among module manufacturers (including multiple bankruptcies) and eliminated a large portion of profit margins.

Therefore, as investors look forward they should expect only a small set of energy-storage companies to be successful. Their profitability is derived from taking share away from less cost-effective rivals.

Keith Knutsson of Integrale Advisors commented, “As investors look into the past, trends of the future are not always as surprising as they seem. Looking at previous business cycles of developing technologies can help against costly mistakes.”

June 16, 2018

Global Market Effect on US-Korea Summit

Posted in Keith Knutsson tagged at 1:29 am by Keith Knutsson

The markets and economies have been expecting a significant impact from the highly anticipated meeting of the President of the United States, Donald Trump and the leader of North Korea Kim Jong-un.  These are potential results in the global economy and markets from the summit:

North Korea: If both countries continue to successfully take steps towards denuclearization, North Korea could open up for new business ideas and investment opportunities.

Currencies: The currencies pegged by the U.S. dollar could be impacted. For example, the UAE Dirham, Saudi and Qatari Riyal are just a few currencies pegged that would benefit from a strengthening U.S. dollar. High yielding currencies such as the South African Rand, Russian Ruble and the Mexican Peso rely on investor appetite towards taking on more risk. Investors should be wary, but also consider currencies like the African Rand to lead global markets. On the other hand, the Japanese Yen relies heavily on its safe-haven status for buying momentum. The summit played into the favor of a rise in the Yen as the meeting showed positive results.

Overall Stock Market: With uncertainty and trading speculation building up, the trading volume in global markets should see a major uptick. Nations closest to North Korea could benefit from emerging market engagements. Some markets include the Korean Won, Chinese Yuan and the Malaysian Ringgit.

Commodities: Buying sentiment for gold is highly reliant on market uncertainty and lower attraction towards safe haven assets would be seen as negative momentum for Gold.

Even though the summit has turned out to be successful, there can still be problems that emerge later on. If this occurs, there will be extreme market uncertainty which could negatively impact global stocks and in turn effect the emerging market currencies. Risk aversion will be important in times like this as investors are recommended to steer close of high-yielding currencies like the South African Rand. Overall the summit between the United States and Korea ended on a good note and the markets priced the result appropriately.


June 3, 2018

Easing Volcker Rule Restrictions for Big Banks

Posted in Keith Knutsson tagged at 2:34 am by Keith Knutsson

Future changes in the Volcker Rule restrictions on big banks’ trading have been backed by the Fed. These changes will loosen compliance requirements for all banks and provide a sense of relief for firms with small trading desks. The Fed will be easing the rule designed to curb risky trading in the wake of the financial crisis. The new plan will place fewer audits of individual securities and derivatives transactions for bulge bracket banks like J.P. Morgan and Goldman Sachs. This means banks will spend less time providing compliance and traders would be given more freedom to buy and sell securities.

However, critics claim that this proposal will be risky since banks could create loopholes that allow them to engage in risky trading. The proposal is part of a broader regulatory rollback that includes a recently enacted law easing rules on small banks and less aggressive leadership at the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau. Regulators said they want to enforce the rule differently because the existing practices are costly.

In the new proposal, the Fed and other agencies wouldn’t audit individual transactions as often, but they would check to see that bank managers set limits on traders aligned with expected customer demand. Law’s allow hedging and market-making on customers’ behalf. Powell says, “The proposal will allow firms to conduct appropriate activities without undue burden and without sacrificing safety and soundness.” On the other hand, banks say “We’re all somewhat perplexed and challenged by the implementation.”

The proposal could revolutionize the banking infrastructure, but the loopholes could potentially weaken rather than advance the implementation of the rule. It would lead to banks betting against, rather than service their client’s needs. Banks have spent millions of dollars developing systems to measure trading activity and model future customers’ demand. Not only that, but banks will have to reevaluate how they define whether a trade is violating the Volcker rule or not. However, the proposal would lessen the tensions to justify hedging trades and seeks to reduce the impact of the rule on foreign-owned banks’ overseas activities.

The Fed is separately reviewing capital restrictions, including the leverage limits, which could loosen for some banks. Regulators are also proposing to create three new categories of banks. Those with more than $10 billion in trading assets and liabilities would face the highest expectations under the Volcker rule. The newly proposed Volcker rule and the three categories of banks would redesign the banking industry and divide firms in this space.

May 24, 2018

Oil Prices Rise as U.S. Withdraws from Iran Nuclear Deal

Posted in Keith Knutsson tagged at 5:53 pm by Keith Knutsson

The oil market has recently seen an increase in prices as the U.S. pulls out of the Iran nuclear deal, formally known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA). In addition to petroleum trade, the sanctions will include restrictions on transactions with the Iranian central bank, shipping agencies and other insurance firms that have an impact in oil trading. While the removal from the plan can create potential unknowns for the future of oil prices, a definite reduction in Iranian supply will likely exacerbate market deficits thus further suggesting an upward pressure on oil pricing.

As the overall oil market tightens, the near-term price is expected to rise towards $80 per barrel, which has been above the long-term market expectation. Not only that, but Venezuelan output has drastically decreased over the past six months and a lack of offsetting increases from other members of the cartel. This has led to the OPEC’s overall output to fall around 500,000 barrels per day below quota. The U.S. has not been able to compensate for declines elsewhere because it is facing constraints in U.S. production growth. This has led to a positive trigger in the oil market.

Analysts say, “We assume Iran’s oil exports will fall by 150,000 b/d in the second half of the year compared to the first half of the year. The amount potentially could rise to 300,000 b/d in 2019, assuming close but not full compliance with a 20% requested curtailment on a base of roughly 2 million b/d of exports.” This means the net impact on the overall oil market could potentially be greater if condensates and liquified exporters are also affected the same way. However, as historical data has shown, the most important piece of this puzzle comes from the OPEC’s final decision on tightening which will determine the future of the oil market.

The ultimate impact on balancing supply and demand in the oil market will be a function of OPEC and Russia’s responses to rising oil prices and tightening balances in the market. As prices trend higher than expected, pressure to increase supplies will start to emerge as allies will want to compensate for any supply reductions in oil output from Iran. A higher price also decreases demand, which would mean that certain actions will have to take place in order to correct the supply and demand balance. For now, it seems as if investors should cautiously watch for increases in oil prices, be aware of tensions rising from the U.S. backing out of the nuclear deal and the overall reduction in oil output globally.

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